Azerbaijan is a miraculous country with unlimited natural resources, centuries old culture, history and ancient people whose lifestyle presents a unique and harmonious combination of traditions and ceremonies of different cultures and civilizations.
Time has kept a range of ancient archaeological and architectural monuments. The ancient headstones, manuscripts and models of carpets preserved to the present provide rich information. Azerbaijan is a country of an ancient culture and the home of many thinkers, philosophers, scientists, poets, architects, musicians and artists.
Azerbaijan is famous for its carpets along with its decorative arts made by craftspeople from metal, ceramics, silk and wood carving.
Azerbaijan gained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Baku is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region. Baku is located 28 Meters (92 ft.) below sea level, which makes it the lowest lying national capital below sea level. It is located on the southern shore of the Absheron peninsula which projects into the Caspian Sea. The city consists of two parts: the downtown area and the old Inner City. Population of Baku is estimated at just over two (2) million. Officially, about 25% of all inhabitants of the country live in the metropolitan area of Baku.
The Inner City of Baku along with the Chairmanship’s Palace and the Maiden Tower were inscribed as a UNESCO World heritage, Site in 2000.
The City is the educational, scientific, cultural and industrial centre of Azerbaijan. In recent years Baku has become an important venue for international events. It hosted the 57th Eurovision Song Contest in 2012 and the 2015 European Games, the 2016 European Grand Prix and is hosting the Euro 2020.
The city is known for its winter winds. This is reflected in the nickname of the city, the "City of Winds."